Screening Guidelines for Healthy Adults

Preventive screenings are an important part of our health promotion efforts. Many preventive screenings are an effective way to identify and treat potential health problems before they develop or worsen.

High Desert Medical Group encourages adult patients to get regular physical exams as well as age and gender appropriate routine health screenings including the following:

Cervical Cancer Screening

Cervical cancer is detected by regular pap smears and gynecological exams.

It is recommended that women age 21 through 64 have a yearly cervical screening. Contact your primary care physician to schedule an appointment.

According to recent studies, about 55 million cervical cancer screening are performed in the US each year. Approximately 3.5 million (6%) are abnormal and require follow-up. These abnormalities can be treated before cancer develops. Fewer women die each year from cancer of the uterus because they have had regular screenings and exams.

Comprehensive screening exam

To promote preventive care and wellness. If you are aged 19 through 39, please have the exam every three years. For ages 40 through 64, please have the exam every two years. Have the exam every year if you are 65 and over.


Test more frequently than scheduled if at high risk for heart disease. If you are age 19 through 39, please have the test every three years. For ages 40 through 64, have the test every two years. Have the test at the doctor's discretion if you are 65 and over.

Chlamydia (STD) screening

To test for chlamydia in sexually active adults. Females: every year up to age 24 for those who are sexually active. Thereafter, at the doctor's discretion, based on risk. Males: at the doctor's discretion, based on risk.

Diabetes screening

To test for diabetes. At the doctor's discretion, once at age 45, then every three years if results are normal.

The following tests are used to detect colorectal or rectal cancer. Discuss with your doctor which is right for you.

Colonoscopy - Have the test every 10 years.

Stool blood (fecal test) - Have the test every year after age 50.

Sigmoidoscopy  - Have the test every three to five years, beginning at age 50.

Digital rectal exam (DRE) - Have the exam every year after age 50 .

Diphtheria-tetanus vaccine

To protect against diphtheria and tetanus. Have the vaccine every ten years.

Flu shot

To help those at high risk, to fight against viruses. High-risk individuals (such as those with pregnancy, diabetes, or asthma): once per year with your doctor's recommendation. It is recommended that you have the shot every year at age 65 and older.

Pneumococcal vaccine

To protect against pneumonia. If at high risk, one immunization with your doctor's recommendation. For 65 and over, have the vaccine once. Repeat at your doctor's discretion.


Breast self-exam

To check for lumps and abnormalities. A monthly self-exam is recommended.

Breast exam by doctor

Manual exam to detect breast cancer. Have the exam every year.

Breast Cancer Screening

Breast Cancer Screening - Annual physical exams as well as mammography’s can detect breast cancer.

Women beginning at age 40 are encouraged to have a mammography screening yearly. You will need a physician's order for this screening.

According to the recent studies, for women in the United States, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer incidence and the second leading cause of cancer death. In the coming year, an estimated 190,000 new breast cancer cases will be diagnosed, and more than 40,000 women will die of breast cancer.

Current estimates are that one in eight women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime. Mammograms can detect abnormalities between 60 and 95 percent of the time, and 96 out of 100 women will live longer by five years or more if their breast cancer is found at an early stage. Risk factors for breast cancer include age, family history, early menarche (age 12 years or younger), late menopause (age 55 or older), late age at first pregnancy (age 30 years or older), diet, and alcohol consumption.

Please call Antelope Valley Outpatient Imaging Center (AVOIC) at (661) 726-6700 to schedule an appointment.Mammogram

Early detection of cancer. Have the test every one to two years starting at age 40.

Cervical cancer screening/pelvic exam

To detect cervical and ovarian cancer. Have the exam every year. If negative after three consecutive tests, at the doctor's discretion.

Rubella antibody

To determine rubella immunity. Have the test one time prior to your first pregnancy.

Osteoporosis, menopausal/postmenopausal for osteoporosis (risk screening)

To identify those at risk. Have the test every two years, if medically indicated.


Testicular self-exam

To detect testicular cancer. A monthly self-exam is recommended.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and DRE for prostate cancer

Blood test to detect prostate cancer. Guidelines vary. Please discuss with your doctor.

Please visit your Primary Care Physician for regular physical exams and to learn more about the health screenings that are right for you.

For more information, please click on the link below:

Health Education

Screening Guidelines for Healthy Adults services provided for the following cities:

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